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Shooting Games (STG)[edit]

Shooting games, also known as "shoot-em-ups", "shmups" or "STGs (ShooTing Games)", are a genre of video game that focuses primarily on a single player shooting down waves of enemies in a typically auto-scrolling fashion. Shooting games have two primary subgenres of games: Horizontal, also known as Yoko (Gradius, R-Type, etc.), & Vertical, also known as tate (DonPachi, Ikaruga, etc.), as well as the occasional Isometric shooter (Viewpoint).

History[edit]

The STG genre primarily originated in the arcades, and were often well known for their high level of difficulty (often ramping up greatly by stage 3), blistering-fast bullet speeds, and highly detailed artwork. As time went on, developers such as CAVE began innovating on the previously-established STG formula by introducing greater amounts of bullets, complex bullet patterns, smaller hitboxes, and complex scoring systems -- these games would be known as the "manic shooter" or "bullet hell" subgenre of shooting games.